AIPMT in India refers to the All India Pre-Medical / Pre-Dental Entrance Test, which is conducted every year as medical entrance exam. The exam is organized under the supervision of Central Board of Secondary Education, Delhi. It is a common entrance exam for admission in BDS and MBBS courses for the various government and private medical colleges of different states across India.
It is mandatory for all medical institutes governed by state government, Union of India or other local authorities to reserve 15% of the total seats for the students qualifying AIPMT. All India Pre-Dental Entrance Testand Pre-Medical Test for the year 2016 are due to be held on May 1, 2016.
AIPMT remained free of any type of Quota system for many years and student could qualify only based on merits. However, things changed after 2006 when Arjuna Singh who was the Human Resources Minister at that time pressed hard for reservation for SC, ST and OBC in AIPMT. As per the current guidelines, 15% of the total seats are reserved for SC, 8% of the total seats are reserved for ST and 22% of the total seats are reserved for OBC candidates belonging to non-creamy layer.
Until the year 2009, the All India Pre-Medical Entrance Test consisted of only one phase. The pattern of the exam was revised in 2010 with the introduction of two stages: The AIPMT Prelims and the AIPMT Mains. Only those students who cleared AIPMT Prelims were allowed to appear for AIPMT Mains, which was the final round to qualify for the admission based on the All India Ranking.
The pattern was further revised in 2013 when this two staged AIPMT examination was replaced by National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET-UG). However it did not work out too well and the same old pattern was adopted again in 2014 and till date it remains the same two round AIPMT examination.
The date of the exam is generally the date of the first Sunday falling in the month of May. Like for 2016 it is May1, the first Sunday of May 2016. As per the current pattern of the AIPMT 2016, there are total 180 questions from the three basic streams of Science: Physics, Chemistry and Biology. Out of 180, there are 45 questions for each Physics and Chemistry. Whereas the Biology section which consists of two subsections: Botany and Zoology, contains 45 questions for each subsection i.e. total 90 questions from Biology. The maximum allowed time for the Examination is 3 hours.
Each question irrespective of the section carries equal marks 4. There is no scope for guessing, as there is a provision of negative marking. 1 mark is deducted for every wrong answer that is attempted by the student. Leaving a question unmarked attracts no penalties or any type of negative marking.
AIMPT Exam is one of the two most significant entrance exams in India from the perspective of students. The other exam is the AIEEE, the entrance exam of Engineering. The popularity of the exam can be easily guessed from the huge of candidates who register for AIPMT every year. In the last year 2015, the total number of registered candidates was 632,620, which was a touch more than the figure of 616,982 that was recorded in 2014. Thus, we can again expect a huge figure for this year, which means again a tough competition ahead for the students looking to qualify.
In 2015, as many as 9 states showed interest in AIPMT for the allotment of the seats to the students coming from AIPMT. The nine participating states are as follows: Madhya Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Meghalaya, Haryana, Manipur, Odisha, Rajasthan, Himachal Pradesh, Andaman and Nicobar.